Diabetic coma blood sugar level should be avoided. Why? Because any blood sugar level over 500, but usually over 600mg, causes diabetic coma. It will likely occur when blood sugars are at this unusually high levels and the body becomes severely dehydrated as a result.
If you are 60 years old or above this should be your primary concern. When dehydrated, the elderly may have a distorted sense of thirst. Perhaps this is because they have less sensitivity to thirst that is affected due to age. In many cases, a history of excess thirst and urination may manifest in the elderly. This may happen weeks before diagnosis. Excess urination and extreme blood glucose levels lead to body cells being dehydrated. Thus, the body will become dehydrated. This severe loss of body fluids can lead to shock, coma, and death.
Another group who are particularly at risk is the chronically ill and disabled. This group on the other hand cannot sense their thirst or may be even be able to communicate. Dehydration may occur for a period but unless they are given continuous medical care, it may be manifest itself until it is too late.
Diabetic coma is also known as “hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome”. If a type II diabetic patient is ill, this is a very serious problem, perhaps even a fatal one. Fatality rates in these circumstances can reach 50%.
To be sure, there are many causes of diabetic coma, not just extremely high sugar levels. These may include:
Medicines (diuretics, heart medication, or steroids);
Blood clot; and
Uncontrolled blood sugar
If you are a diabetic, and you monitored extremely high blood glucose levels, there are greater chances that you can have diabetic coma, more so if it is complicated by one or more of the above causes. Unfortunately, the other causes listed above are also common among diabetic patients. It is therefore extremely important that you constantly monitor your blood sugar levels.
Diabetic coma symptoms may be manifested earlier than the diagnosis, perhaps weeks prior to the diagnosis. If you are in the vulnerable group, (e.g. diabetic, 60 years old or over, disabled) you should be very vigilant of the following symptoms:
Altered mental state;
Inability to speak; and
If any of the symptoms manifest in your situation, you should test your blood glucose. Then, depending on the results of the test, you should immediately consult your doctor. More so if your test reveals blood sugar level of 600 mg/dl or more.
Now, how do you prevent diabetic coma? The following are simple suggestions:
Check your blood sugar regularly;
Check your blood sugar every four hours when you are sick;
Take special care of yourself when you are sick; and
Eat and live healthy.